Bio-terrorism and other emergencies are a growing threat to society. They might precondition multiple causalities and deaths among the citizens. For this reason, it is vital to remain capable of reacting to it, warning people, and providing them with guidelines on how to act in diverse situations. The local, state and federal authorities are responsible for the safety of communities, which means that they should develop various response plans for the types of risks mentioned above.
The fact is that any emergency or attack of this sort is followed by panic and confusion among people, causing an increasing number of victims. The existence of comprehensive and detailed guidelines can help to reduce panic, confusion and organize people if any unusual situation occurs (Wolf-Fordham, 2020). Statistics show that observation of plans promotes better disaster management and responses from individuals affected by emergencies and authorities (Kapucu & Garayev, 2016). Additionally, the tendency towards the diversification of threats that exists today means that there is a need for some practical and universal plan that can be applied to various situations. Under these conditions, local and state agencies, as bodies possessing all information needed to organize different groups of population and align their cooperation with appropriate authorities, should focus on establishing a plan of action that can be followed in any situation (Wolf-Fordham, 2020).
Altogether, although some days might pass after the dangerous event and realization of the threat, the creation of effective plans is vital to remain capable of responding to hazard threats and minimizing the harm done to the infrastructure and people. Under these conditions, authorities should put much effort and resources into managing the problem and finding solutions.
Kapucu, N., & Garayev, V. (2016). Structure and network performance: Horizontal and vertical networks in emergency management. Administration & Society, 48(8), 931–961.
Wolf-Fordham, S. (2020). Integrating government silos: Local emergency management and public health department collaboration for emergency planning and response. The American Review of Public Administration, 50(6–7), 560–567.