Applications to Facilitate Hospital Expansion
Patient data is one of the most important aspects of healthcare. However, every time new information is added to the database, its volume increases, and the control of it becomes even harder. Not only storing but retrieving this data when needed is also a problem that hospitals need to solve. For that, smartphone-based clinical-decision support applications would be helpful. These applications store and allow access to all the necessary information in real time, which allows the healthcare workers to use it in the treatment process. According to Baig et al. (2017), “they can be employed for patient administration, billing, health information, making appointments, monitoring of laboratory results, and clinical decision support” (p. 1092). Another technical means to consider for the healthcare purposes are the computerized clinical reminders. This software can be integrated into the existing computer system of the hospital and provide the staff with timely reminders of the medical actions they need to perform on the current patients. Finally, computerized physician order entry is a technology that allows the physicians to properly issue their treatment instructions without the risks of it being misinterpreted by another healthcare worker or pharmacist.
Core Group of Involved Individuals
The main staff members whose opinions on technology selection should be taken into account, involves physicians, nurses, and the IT crew of the hospital. Physicians and nurses should be introduced first to the variety of medical technology means for them to choose collectively which applications and software they would like to implement into their current work. The IT staff also should be kept informed throughout the selection process – they must guide it in relation to the hospital current technical capacities and limitations.
Checklist of Items to Consider for System Enhancement
In order to successfully design and implement the enhanced system, following points should be considered:
- Clear and concise goals for the enhanced system to achieve;
- Budget limitations for the task;
- A list of vendors to choose the needed hardware and software from;
- Potentially useful existing mobile health applications such as mHealth;
- Current personal health records database volume and accessibility;
- Staff’s skill and knowledgeability regarding the modern medicinal technologies.
Steps to a Prior Evaluation of The Enhanced System
To evaluate the enhanced system before its final implementation into the hospital workflow, following steps need to be taken:
- A thorough assessment of the system’s accessibility for both patients and staff members;
- Evaluation of the system’s overall design and its ease of use;
- An assessment of the enhanced system’s potential performance: would it achieve the set goals? What possible mistakes and failures are to be expected? Could they be dealt with preemptively?
- An assessment of the system’s potential technical performance inside the current hospital system: would it work properly with the hardware and software the hospital currently possesses?
Utilizing Different Requests
First, several requests for information would be issued: the first one will be sent to the hospital staff to assess their needs and knowledge. The second request will address the IT crew to evaluate hospital’s technical capabilities, and the third – the vendors to pick out the ones with the most suitable technology and pricing. During this data gathering, a citation request would be issued to the authors of relevant scientific researches in order to gain supporting evidence for the system’s potential usability. After collecting the necessary information, a proposal request would be formulated to be sent to the hospital administration for review. Once the initial proposal is approved, another one with an offer of partnership would be sent to the picked vendors.
Ensuring the Support of Data Exchange
Ensuring the chosen system meets data content, vocabulary and messaging standards would require a real world test in the modelled environment, with real patient cases and situations. According to Sayles and Kavanaugh-Burke (2021), “examples of situations are admitting Medicare patients, ordering medication, and merging duplicate health records” (Chapter 4 p. 26). This test should be done by the picked vendor, who would also be required to supply the test’s results with data and evidence outlet analysis.
Baig, M. M., GholamHosseini, H., Moqeem, A. A., Mirza, F., & Lindén, M. (2017). Clinical decision support systems in hospital care using ubiquitous devices: Current issues and challenges. Health Informatics Journal, 25(3), 1091–1104.
Sayles, N. B., & Kavanaugh-Burke, L. (2021). Introduction to information systems for health information technology. AHIMA Press.