Continuous development and change are natural processes that are inherent to the human body as a living organism. Since the human body represents an intricate combination of several systems functioning in tandem and supporting one another, understanding its development is quite challenging yet paramount to the appropriate management of possible development issues, as well as the ability to facilitate proper change. Due to the increasing exposure to multiple health risks, as well as the emergence of personal agency and the resulting need to adders health issues independently, each stage of adulthood requires adequate health education.
Entering early adulthood marks a vital part in the development of an individual. The stage of early adulthood represents an individual’s health status at its pinnacle since every system will have developed by this point, allowing one to demonstrate the most acute reactions, the fastest information processing, and the greatest physical capacities (GBD 2015 Obesity Collaborators 13). Therefore, if the existing health management standards are followed precisely, no major health issues are expected at the specified point in development.
Nonetheless, even the presence of an impeccable physical form does not negate the urgency of health education. Specifically, early adulthood must become the stage at which the further changes in one’s body are considered, and appropriate risk management measures are taken to address future health concerns (GBD 2015 Obesity Collaborators 13). In addition, the evidence regarding the failure to conform to the healthy lifestyle in most people presupposes the need to deploy health management strategies at the early adulthood stage as well (GBD 2015 Obesity Collaborators 13). Specifically, given the current rate of diseases and disorders such as obesity (603.7 million adults globally) and diabetes (9.3%), active health education must be introduced at the early adulthood stage (GBD 2015 Obesity Collaborators 13). Enhanced nurse-patient communication and a sharper focus on nurse-patient communication should be considered a reasonable solution for handling the issue of patient awareness and preparing the target demographic to the changes that they are going to experience in the near future.
Theories of Aging
Middle adulthood can be considered the period when the negative effects of aging on an individual become apparent. To approach the described process, several theories have been developed, each offering its own perspective on the process and concept of aging. Specifically, the Genetic Theory of Aging suggests that the [process of cell deterioration and, therefore, the damage to specific organs and body systems has been coded into the human genome (Newman and Newman 344). The described supposition suggests that the process of aging can be slowed down or reversed entirely once genetics and genome studies progress to the required stage (Newman and Newman 345). Particularly, the discovery of the so-called longevity genes is expected as the main source of extending the human lifespan.
Another approach to aging suggests considering biochemical reactions occurring in the body as it progress to a certain stage of development. The specified theory posits that the process of aging is launched as specific biochemical reactions start occurring in cells, causing them to cease their productivity and signifying the turning point in their lifecycle (Newman and Newman 348). Although the described theory provides a sufficient explanation of the factors affecting aging, it still does not disclose the reasons for aging to occur in the first place.
Another approach to the understanding of how and why aging occurs encourages viewing the phenomenon in question as the effects of environmental damage, which grows to reach its critical point and start its destructive process as soon as it does. The proposed theoretical framework offers a rather basic implementation of the wear and tear principle to the functioning of cells within the human body. Additionally, the described theory may suggest external damage to health.
Finally, the programmed theory of aging concludes that the process of aging is coded into the human genome. Thus, the process in question is inevitable and impossible to delay. The theory leaves it open to further speculations whether it is the endocrine system or the immune one that launches the process of aging, yet the general idea of aging big imminent and irreversible is present in both versions.
Middle Adulthood Stage
As a rule, health issues and disruptions in the functioning of different body systems occur during middle adulthood. Specifically, standard changes observed in middle adulthood include impairment of vision, development of weight issues that may reach the stag of obesity, and the threat of joint pain (Newman and Newman 157). The latter change is linked directly to the wear and tear theory since joint pain often occurs as a result of the aging of bone tissue or the development of Bursitis, or inflammation, which, in turn, could be seen as the effect of long-term functioning of the specified body part (Newman and Newman 158). Impairments in the vision are also expected to occur due to the combination of increased eye lens size and the loss in the flexibility of the iris (Newman and Newman 158). Additionally, changes in the quality of haring is also expected to occur due to the constant exposure to different types of noises (Newman and Newman 159). The described deterioration of health is especially common in urban areas, where noise levels are particularly high. Additionally, changes linked to the endocrine system, specifically, menopause in women and andropause in men, are likely to affect patients significantly, which is why active nurse-patient communication is needed at the specified stage.
It is possible to help a patient adjust to the changes listed above, as well as other health-related challenges, by conducting proper patient education. Namely, preparing a patient to the changes that are likely to occur and helping the patient to shape their lifestyle accordingly could be deemed as reasonable strategies (Newman and Newman 176). Thus, one will help the patient to build the resilience needed to manage age-related issues accordingly.
Finally, the late adulthood stage should be mentioned as a crucial stage of personal development. Concluding the development cycle, the late adulthood stag typically requires palliative care and occupational therapy to assist the aging population to remain active and keep their ability to socialize with the rest of community members (Koutoukidis et al. 377). Exercise and nutrition are central to the specified stage so that patients could keep fit and reduce the range of health risks, including obesity and diabetes (Koutoukidis et al. 377). By reinforcing nurse-patient communication, one will be able to improve the quality of life in the aging population.
With the rise in the number of health threats observed in adulthood, the specified age group requires sufficient health literacy in order to face relevant risks properly, which is why health education should be regarded as a priority. Specifically, the rapid development observed in early adulthood may cause people experiencing it to fail to adjust to changes and, thus, have underdeveloped health management skills. However, with the focus on health literacy and health issues prevention, particularly, in middle adulthood, the target population will be able to remain safe and manage their health concerns at a proper pace without subjecting themselves to increased risk.
GBD 2015 Obesity Collaborators. “Health Effects of Overweight and Obesity in 195 Countries over 25 Years.” New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 377, no. 1, 2017, pp. 13-27.
Koutoukidis, Gabby, et al. Tabbner’s Nursing Care: Theory and Practice. Elsevier Health Sciences, 2020.