The target population is comprised of teenagers suffering from excessive weight and obesity. The health topic is focused on promoting physical exercise and healthy eating to combat the obesity epidemic. Obesity is a serious medical and social problem. The issues of obesity in children and adolescents have acquired particular importance. Today obesity is an urgent problem for the whole world, which is associated with its progressive spread. The program will give students the necessary knowledge on dieting and nutrition, and they will undergo an extensive training routine.
The obesity epidemic is a major healthcare issue that is associated with a wide range of metabolic diseases, and the affected individuals include all age groups, such as teenagers. Excess weight is recognized as one of the main risk factors for the development of many diseases, such as diabetes mellitus, arterial hypertension, coronary artery disease, liver and gallbladder diseases, and many others (Skinner, Perrin, Moss, & Skelton, 2015). The overwhelming majority of adolescents who are overweight can retain it in adulthood due to built-up habits. The target population needs both an educational basis and practical implications of healthy eating and exercising. Firstly, teenagers require a form of theoretical knowledge of the potential causes of obesity among young adolescents. They need to learn the basics of dieting and nutritional science to fully comprehend the purpose of healthy eating. Secondly, physical exercise needs to teach through hands-on practice and repetitive learning to properly introduce teenagers to the world of fitness.
The primary objective of the health promotion program is to provide teenagers with the necessary knowledge and skills to enable them to have full control over their health. The goal is to make the target population fully aware and informed on their state of health and be able to effectively eliminate unnecessary weight through sustainable dieting and physical exercise. Social factors play a highly important role in the development of obesity, even in young children. These include the low educational level of parents, and the social status of the family, an incomplete family with an only child, stressful situations in the family, unusual conditions at school and the environment. All these circumstances cause mental trauma to the child and can provoke the development of obesity.
In addition, it is well known that cardiovascular diseases of an atherosclerotic nature are the leading cause of death in the world. One of the most important ways to prevent atherosclerosis is the stratification of atherogenic risk starting in childhood and adolescence (Skinner et al., 2015). At the same time, it is of great importance to identify predictors and risk factors, determine their pathogenetic and clinical role with the subsequent development and implementation of preventive and corrective measures in practical health care.
The goals and objectives will be achieved through proactive advocacy. The latter is one of the health promotion approaches that can be used to advance the rhetoric of healthy eating and exercise (McKenzie, Pinger, & Seabert, 2016). Teenagers will undergo an extensive learning program that allows them to acquire essential knowledge of health-oriented eating. This will be conducted in conjunction with exercise-promoting training sessions that will include movement solely focused on health and not on aesthetics. Therefore, the intervention will be based on dual methods of educating teenagers on healthy eating and practical application of exercises. The nutrition-related educational part of the intervention will be focused on topics, such as basal metabolic index (BMI), caloric properties of various foods, macronutrients and micronutrients, intermittent fasting, and low carb ketogenic diet.
Physical exercise is one of the components of the general social culture, which allows a person to develop intellectually and physically, to strengthen and maintain health, with the help of physical activity. Constant movement and exercise affect the development of the child, as well as growth, which occurs without various diseases or the development of pathologies. Playing sports not only helps to acquire certain sports skills in multiple formats but also helps to be much more resilient in stressful situations and positively perceive the environment and negative reality. With a sedentary lifestyle, a teenager will acquire health problems, bad habits, as a result of which he or she may become weak and unhealthy (Eldredge et al., 2016). The practice training session will include a combination of cardio and strength-based exercises that can be performed without any gym equipment.
Health is the state of the body in which it feels physically, spiritually, and socially satisfied. A person with good health is capable of many tests of his endurance and endurance. He or she is also constantly in a cheerful state of mind and will be more inclined to be content. If one regularly performs physical exercises, then it is possible to increase muscle tone, which will have a positive effect on the appearance, eliminate many diseases, and increase the efficiency of the heart (Eldredge et al., 2016). Physical exercises are elementary motor actions that are aimed at the physical development of a person. The movements will target all muscle groups through push-ups, pull-ups, chin-ups, squats, sprints, long-distance running, and crunches. In addition, teenagers will be recommended exercise dosages on the individual level, depending on the current physical fitness level of a person.
The results will be assessed after the completion of three-month programs, where strict adherence to the diet and exercise regimen will guarantee the desired outcome. The measurements of weight, hip-to-waist ratio, BMI, and body fat percentage will be measured before and after the completion of the program. In addition, some teenagers will be measured after each month to boost motivation among other participants. The results will be expressed by a set of performance assessment indicators and will reflect the level of implementation of the goals against which the effectiveness is assessed. Thus, one can distinguish two components in the assessment of efficacy. This is an assessment of the achievement of the specified target indicators using the activities provided by the program and an evaluation of the resources required to achieve the specified goal. Thus, the program is effective if the planned target indicators are produced using the minimum necessary amount of funds.
In conclusion, the main objective of the health promotion program will be focused on healthy eating and exercise as key elements of obesity reduction among teenagers. The promotion process will adopt an advocacy approach, where the intervention will utilize dual methods. Teenagers will be given a theoretical framework knowledge on the essentials of dieting and nutrition. They will also undergo extensive training and exercise routine to increase overall fitness and prevent fat accumulation.
Eldredge, L. K. B., Markham, C. M., Ruiter, R. A. C., Fernandez, M. E., Kok, G., & Parcel, G. S. (2016). Planning health promotion programs: An intervention mapping approach (4th ed.). San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
McKenzie, J. F., Pinger, R. R., & Seabert, D. (2016). An introduction to community & public health (9th ed.). Burlington, MA: Jones & Bartlett Learning.
Skinner, A. C., Perrin, E. M., Moss, L. A., & Skelton, J. A. (2015). Cardiometabolic risks and severity of obesity in children and young adults. The New England Journal of Medicine, 373, 1307-1317.