Type 2 Diabetes Management and Patient Education

Paper Info
Page count 5
Word count 1521
Read time 6 min
Topic Health
Type Assessment
Language 🇺🇸 US

Type 2 Diabetes

Diabetes is a real global epidemic whose management costs billions of dollars each year. About ten percent of the globe’s population suffers from a terminal condition (diabetes). Different types of diabetes include Type 1, Type 2, MODY, and Gestational diabetes. Diabetes affects both adults and children, with adults constituting the largest portion of patients suffering from the illness. Type 1 diabetes is, however, common among young people but proceeds to adulthood. Many people develop Type 2 diabetes at different levels of life, especially during adulthood (Zhao et al., 2021). The point that lifestyle contributes significantly to the condition’s development implies the possibility of controlling the sickness’s prevalence through definite strategies.

Importance of Home Glucose Monitoring

Type 2 and several other forms of diabetes, mainly those that affect adults, can be managed. Yang et al. (2019) provide strategies like home glucose monitoring, maintaining healthy blood sugar levels, and eating a healthy diet as suitable ways to control Type 2. Maintaining appropriate body weight and doing 150 minutes of exercise weekly also form other paramount strategies to manage Type 2 diabetes, according to Yang et al. (2019). Research shows that diabetes prevalence has two connotations; genetic and environmental influences (Ampofo et al., 2019). Genetic-wise, studies indicate that bearing some genes, like HLA-DR4 or HLA-DR3 genes, infers an increased risk of suffering from diabetes. However, some people still have such genetic factors but live a life free from diabetes because of the absence of the environmental triggers that lead to the illness. Keeping the ecological factors absent involves strategies like the ones proposed by this work.

Monitoring blood glucose at home, for example, is an excellent way of avoiding the environmental triggers of diabetes. Type 2 diabetes occurs when blood plasma sugar is higher than the recommended level (Ampofo et al., 2019). The situation often exists when sugar intake by body cells is below the normal degree, mainly due to the body’s resistance to insulin, the hormone responsible for sugar’s absorption by the cells (Ampofo et al., 2019). A major problem with Type 2 diabetes management is that many people notice the condition after reaching critical stages. That is why home-based glucose monitoring is essential among persons identified to exhibit higher Type 2 diabetes risk. The availability of effective gene screening techniques makes knowing one’s diabetes threat easy (Green et al., 2018). The home glucose monitoring strategy also works effectively for persons diagnosed with the condition, as keeping the blood sugar normal helps in reducing diabetes symptoms and lowering secondary health complications.

How to eat Healthy

Maintaining a healthy diet works pedantically with keeping blood sugar levels within the normal levels. Some food stuffs contain high levels of simple sugars and should be avoided to effectively evade or manage Type 2 diabetes. Yang et al. (2019) recommend regulating carbohydrates intake to 275 grams a day as the best measure for persons with Type 2 diabetes. As such, monitoring blood sugar levels at home, regulating diet, and undertaking adequate physical exercise help even pre-diabetic persons avoid the condition.

Reading and Understanding Food Labels

Reading the ingredients’ section of food stuff labels provides an excellent way of regulating carbohydrates intake. Feng et al. (2018) advice people to make an informed buying by selecting commercial food stuffs with low carbohydrates content and high levels of fibers. The body breaks down specific carbohydrates into glucose, which then enters the blood, raising the plasma concentration of sugar (Feng et al., 2018). The aspect exposes pre-diabetic persons to obesity, making the chances of suffering Type 2 diabetes over ninety percent (Stafeev et al., 2019). However, ensuring that one consumes the right amount and quality of food reduces the risk substantially.

Physical exercise helps the body consume sugar present in the cells and maintain healthy body weight. Yang et al. (2019) say that failing to undertake physical activities forces the body to store much sugar in the cells. The situation continues until the body lacks more space to store more sugar. Such a state is often characterized by obesity and inflexibility. Reaching the condition as a pre-diabetic person means exhibiting over ninety percent chance of suffering from diabetes (Yang et al., 2019). Yang et al. (2019) endorse physical exercise as the best option to maintain a healthy BMI of 18.5 to 24.9. The use of technology to gauge physical activity is also recommended by Yaribeygi et al. (2021) to ensure that people do not overdo the same. Utilizing these strategies, thus, promises to manage the issue of Type 2 diabetes among adults, especially due to the interventions’ support by scientific research.

Signs, Symptoms, and Treatment of Hypoglycemia and Hyperglycemia

Diabetes takes several forms, depending on the type that one suffers. Hypoglycemia and hyperglycemia are, however, the two common forms of Type 2 diabetes among diabetic patients (Feng et al., 2018). The former type (hypoglycemia) occurs when a diabetic patient’s plasma sugar concentration goes below 70 mg/dL (Zhao et al., 2021). Symptoms of hypoglycemia include body weakness, sweating, shivering, increased pulse rate, hunger, and confusion, among others (Zhao et al., 2021). The ‘rule of 15’ is an excellent treatment for hypoglycemia and works by channeling simple glucose into the blood vessels to correct the deficiency (Yang et al., 2019). Frequent checking of the blood glucose level within every fifteen minutes of the ‘rule of 15’ therapy is recommended for the approach to work effectively. Hyperglycemia occurs when the blood sugar level is 200 mg/dL and above (Zhao et al., 2021). Treatment involves medication, diet control, physical exercise, and insulin injection at times (Yang et al., 2019). Consequently, Type 2 diabetes is an avoidable and manageable condition, and the world can control it through information sharing.

The point that diabetes is a real burden worldwide justifies its selection for the current project. Looking at the above strategies and reading other research materials concerning the condition prove that diabetes, particularly Type 2, should not be a global health concern. This type of condition is a lifestyle issue and can be ended or controlled through concerted efforts from different groups, including governments and policymakers. People need to know that eating poorly increases their Type 2 diabetes risk (Zhao et al., 2021). The global population also needs to see the essence of measuring blood sugar levels at home to maintain a healthy life. That is especially so based on Stafeev et al.’s (2019) findings that about eighty percent of the global population is pre-diabetic. The failure to inform people about the essence of leading a healthy life and paying attention to body issues, thus, implies a more dangerous future.

Global leaders have a significantly crucial role in managing and averting diabetes around the world. Such leaders need to pass laws and policies that make healthy life more realizable. Enacting policies that make blood glucose testing gadgets more affordable to almost all families worldwide, for example, serves to boost the war against Type 2 diabetes significantly (Feng et al., 2018). Stafeev et al. (2019) say that many people, especially the minorities, often exhibit the desire to live correctly by implementing beneficial knowledge but often fail due to poverty. Passing effective laws and guidelines concerning healthy food production and availability also stands to aid significantly. Stafeev et al. (2019) note that most American minorities suffering from diabetes survive on junk and other poor-quality meals. The situation arises because the nation’s administration lacks effective policies to avail both knowledge and considerate employment offers to help the group afford diabetic care.

The current project also receives much information from nursing ethics and various research findings. The primary role of nurses is to promote health across all divides by helping people live well (Whicher et al., 2018). However, the present-day community depicts a failed society and unmet nursing ethical aspects. The point that more African Americans die due to Type 2 diabetes, relative to Caucasians, indicates a failure in attaining the ‘justice,’ ‘fidelity,’ and ‘beneficence’ principles of nursing ethics. That is why the present project aims to identify and employ best practice strategies to link different agencies, including health care organizations and governments, to fight Type 2 diabetes in the U.S. Other decrees informing this project include the Nursing Practice Act (NPA), which determines the public health, safety, and welfare as primary roles of the nursing fraternity (Whicher et al., 2018). The project’s application of various policies, practices, and technological interventions makes the plan reliable and authoritative.

In conclusion, diabetes is a manageable health condition that terrorizes many people worldwide. The disorder arises from the body’s inability to manage sugar appropriately. Both genetic and environmental factors play a major role in the occurrence of the disease. However, Type 2 diabetes primarily occurs due to laxity and lack of knowledge among global populations and administrations. There is a need for governments around the world to pass laws that make quality food available in the market. Policies encouraging people to embrace physical exercise and home-based blood glucose monitoring are also necessary. The current project serves as a wake-up call for nurses and the world to change their ways to manage Type 2 diabetes among adults.


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NerdyBro. (2022, November 18). Type 2 Diabetes Management and Patient Education. Retrieved from https://nerdybro.com/type-2-diabetes-management-and-patient-education/


NerdyBro. (2022, November 18). Type 2 Diabetes Management and Patient Education. https://nerdybro.com/type-2-diabetes-management-and-patient-education/

Work Cited

"Type 2 Diabetes Management and Patient Education." NerdyBro, 18 Nov. 2022, nerdybro.com/type-2-diabetes-management-and-patient-education/.


NerdyBro. (2022) 'Type 2 Diabetes Management and Patient Education'. 18 November.


NerdyBro. 2022. "Type 2 Diabetes Management and Patient Education." November 18, 2022. https://nerdybro.com/type-2-diabetes-management-and-patient-education/.

1. NerdyBro. "Type 2 Diabetes Management and Patient Education." November 18, 2022. https://nerdybro.com/type-2-diabetes-management-and-patient-education/.


NerdyBro. "Type 2 Diabetes Management and Patient Education." November 18, 2022. https://nerdybro.com/type-2-diabetes-management-and-patient-education/.